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Harbour temple

Even from a great distance, the harbour temple towering far above the city walls was clearly visible from ships approaching the Colonia Ulpia Traiana on the river Rhine. The impressive building provided a high-profile landmark of Roman culture.

View of five partially reconstructed pillars on the long side of the harbour temple. Close-up of the Corinthian capital (top of a pillar) and the decorated entablature. Two reconstructed pillars of the harbour temple at the break of dawn.

The harbour temple: a monument of Roman architecture and urban culture.

The harbour temple was the second-largest temple in the city after the Capitol. Like every Roman temple, it would have been dedicated to a deity, but we do not know which. The harbour temple was given its unusual name during the excavations, on account of its proximity to the harbour.

Selected parts of the temple have been reconstructed on a three metre high podium. A number of full-size pillars have been reconstructed and roof beams fitted to give some impression of the effect created by this magnificent edifice with its total height of 27 metres. Details have been reproduced on the basis of innumerable fragments found during the excavations.

Visitors looking at the podium, stairs and some pillars of the harbour temple. Three pillars and the entablature seen from below.

Reconstructed pillars and parts of the roof give some impression of the original effect.

One of the pillars has been painted in colour to illustrate the temple's originally magnificent colouring. Wide steps lead up to the temple's podium and its cella where the ritual acts took place. In antiquity, this was the prerogative of a select group of people; ordinary mortals were not allowed inside.

View through some pillars into the green Park. View into the reconstructed cella, the ritual centre. The unearthed original foundation plate of the harbour temple.

View inside the cella, the ritual centre, in the middle. No ordinary mortal was allowed in here. The photo on the right shows the original foundation plate under the temple.

The temple's foundation plate and innumerable fragments were discovered during the excavations in 1977 and the following years. Several of these fragments will be on display in the new Roman Museum. The foundation plate can now be reached via an entrance at the back of the temple, for the reconstructed building stands over it like a protective building. Interested visitors will find many archaeological traces dating back to the days when the temple was built almost two thousand years ago.

Group of visitors looking at the reconstructed harbour temple.

The reconstruction is also a protective building over the temple's preserved remains.

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